What does the electrician work with?
The movement of electric charge is known as an electric current, the intensity of which is usually measured in amperes.
Current can consist of any moving charged particles; most commonly these are electrons, but any charge in motion constitutes a current.
By historical convention, a positive current is defined as having the same direction of flow as any positive charge it contains, or to flow from the most positive part of a circuit to the most negative part.
Current defined in this manner is called conventional current. The motion of negatively charged electrons around an electric circuit, one of the most familiar forms of current, is thus deemed positive in the opposite direction to that of the electrons.
However, depending on the conditions, an electric current can consist of a flow of charged particles in either direction, or even in both directions at once.
The positive-to-negative convention is widely used to simplify this situation.Źródło: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electricity
Can you protect yourself from failure?
Actually, modern technological solutions in the design and construction of electrical installations, make electrical services are becoming less necessary.
Excellent insulation of cables and their arrangement can make the most electrical work will be the installation of such electrical lines, not during their operation.
However, to contract, or offer to contract, to carry out electrical installation work, a licensed electrician must also be registered as an electrical contractor.
Does this mean that in the future, avoid any electrical failures? The answer to this question is simple and of course negative, because although more and better solutions are continuously implemented many failures simply impossible to predict, even using the most modern electrical installations.
Australia and the job of electrician
An electrician's license entitles the holder to carry out all types of electrical installation work in Australia without supervision.
Under Australian law, electrical work that involves fixed wiring is strictly regulated and must almost always be performed by a licensed electrician or electrical contractor.
A local electrician can handle a range of work including air conditioning, data, and structured cabling systems, home automation & theatre, LAN, WAN and VPN data solutions, light fittings and installation, phone points, power points, safety inspections and reports, safety switches, smoke alarm installation, inspection and certification and testing and tagging of electrical appliances.
Electrical licensing in Australia is regulated by the individual states. In Western Australia the Department of Commerce tracks licensee's and allows the public to search for individually named/licensed Electricians.Źródło: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electrician.