Plastic pipework is used for the conveyance of drinking water, waste water, chemicals, heating fluid and cooling fluids, foodstuffs, ultra-pure liquids, slurries, gases, compressed air and vacuum system applications.
Plastic pipe systems fulfil a wide variety of service requirements.
Product standards for plastics pipe systems are prepared within the standards committee known as CEN/TC155.
These requirements are precisely described in a complete set of European Product Standards for each application alongside their specific characteristics.
Conveyance of drinking water: Hygienic requirements
Conveyance of gas: Highest Safety requirements
Plastic pipes for radiant heating and floor heating: Temperature resistance over decades
Sewer applications: High chemical resistance.
Plastic pipes are perfectly capable of fulfilling the specific requirement for each application.
They do so with a high level of performance over a long lifetime and with reliability and safety.
The key factor for success is achieved by maintaining consistently high quality levels. For plastic pipe products, these levels are closely defined by the different standards.Źródło: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plastic_pipework
Boiler and safety
To define and secure boilers safely, some professional specialized organizations such as the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) develop standards and regulation codes. For instance, the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code is a standard providing a wide range of rules and directives to ensure compliance of the boilers and other pressure vessels with safety, security and design standards.5
Historically, boilers were a source of many serious injuries and property destruction due to poorly understood engineering principles.
Thin and brittle metal shells can rupture, while poorly welded or riveted seams could open up, leading to a violent eruption of the pressurized steam.
When water is converted to steam it expands to over 1,000 times its original volume and travels down steam pipes at over 100 kilometres per hour.
Because of this, steam is a great way of moving energy and heat around a site from a central boiler house to where it is needed, but without the right boiler feed water treatment, a steam-raising plant will suffer from scale formation and corrosion.
At best, this increases energy costs and can lead to poor quality steam, reduced efficiency, shorter plant life and unreliable operation.
At worst, it can lead to catastrophic failure and loss of life.
Collapsed or dislodged boiler tubes can also spray scalding-hot steam and smoke out of the air intake and firing chute, injuring the firemen who load the coal into the fire chamber.
Extremely large boilers providing hundreds of horsepower to operate factories can potentially demolish entire buildings.
Bathroom performed by a plumber-Tile Fitter
Many plumbers addition to the usual review of the hydraulic exercises at home are also various additional services. Sam overview of hydraulic involves assessment of the plumbing and the quality of work of individual sanitation.
In contrast, additional services may be performed by a plumber-Tile Fitter.
This type of specialist will be able to put tile in the kitchen and the bathroom and paint the walls in these rooms. It will now also replacing defective cams and seals, and set the most appropriate water pressure and adjusts the stream of water flying to the needs of the household.
It will also be able to check the efficiency of underfloor heating and water meter.
As a result, the entire network plumbing and home heating will be able to work without complaint..